PAWER LEARNING PROGRAM (Preschool Level)
The Need For Such Achievement Motivation Study Program
Motivation and Character Building is not systematically taught to preschool students in Singapore.
A growing body of scientific evidence tells us that emotional development begins early in life, that it is a critical aspect of the development of overall brain architecture, and that it has enormous consequences over the course of a lifetime. Therefore all preschool programs must balance their focus on cognition and literary skills with significant attention to emotional and social development.
A. The Purpose of the ProgramThis program (preschool level) involves:
- Facilitating and teaching the personal values system that gives students the structure and purpose by helping him/her determine what is meaningful and important, help children to be aware and become connected with their values, learn to make choices on solid reasoning and responsible decision-making, rather than out of impulse or instant gratification;
- Programming students for success ; helping students to recognize linkages between their efforts and learning outcomes;
- Cognition training that involves: Attribution training- induce changes in students’ tendencies to attribute failure to lack of abilities rather than to insufficient effort. Efficacy training – train students to set realistic goal with the recognition that they have the ability (efficacy) needed to reach the goals if they apply reasonable effort.
The programme adopted largely the use of educational drama (story-telling and fun play) – using drama and storytelling for learning, challenging and thinking about life – about enabling students to understand different viewpoints or perspectives by exploring issues, questions or ideas through dramatic forms or devices. The idea was premised on the belief that education was to be by practice, by doing, rather than by instruction.
Drama and Storytelling assist the learning process by enabling students to engage actively with their subject matter. Story-telling instills good listening habits and develops concentration and a longer attraction span. Story-telling ignites the imagination. The excitement of story-telling can instill in children a sense of wonder about life and learning. It’s easy to make the connections. Kids are much more motivated to learn when they think of it as fun and exciting. Children taking part in the storytelling and drama will be applying their existing knowledge to the situation (checking on their existing understanding of what they know about values), acquiring new knowledge and theories from the action of others, and developing new thoughts and responses in ways which would never arise from listening to an account. There is much evidence to support the hypothesis that all these things will also be retained more efficiently in the long-term memory because of the interactive nature of the learning process.